The Biology Laboratory Manual by Vodopich and Moore was designed for an introductory biology course with a broad survey of basic laboratory techniques. The experiments and procedures are simple, safe, easy to perform, and especially appropriate for large classes. Few experiments require more than one class meeting to complete the procedure. Each exercise includes many photographs, traditional topics, and experiments that help students learn about life. Procedures within each exercise are numerous and discrete so that an exercise can be tailored to the needs of the students, the style of the instructor, and the facilities available.
Contents: فهرست فصول
PrefaceTeaching and Learning ToolsWelcome to the Biology LaboratoryExercise 1: Scientific Method: The Process of ScienceExercise 2: Measurements in Biology: The Metric System and Data AnalysisExercise 3: The Microscope: Basic Skills of Light MicroscopyExercise 4: The Cell: Structure and FunctionExercise 5: Solutions, Acids, and Bases: The pH ScaleExercise 6: Biologically Important Molecules: Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic AcidsExercise 7: Separating Organic Compounds: Column Chromatography, Paper Chromatography, and Gel ElectrophoresisExercise 8: Spectrophotometry: Identifying Solutes and Determining Their ConcentrationExercise 9: Diffusion and Osmosis: Passive Movement of Molecules in Biological SystemsExercise 10: Cellular Membranes: Effects of Physical and Chemical StressExercise 11: Enzymes: Factors Affecting the Rate of ActivityExercise 12: Respiration: Aerobic and Anaerobic Oxidation of Organic MoleculesExercise 13: Photosynthesis: Pigment Separation, Starch Production, and CO2 UptakeExercise 14: Mitosis: Replication of Eukaryotic CellsExercise 15: Meiosis: Reduction Division and GametogenesisExercise 16: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: DNA Isolation and Genetic TransformationExercise 17: Genetics: The Principles of MendelExercise 18: Evolution: Natural Selection and Morphological Change in Green AlgaeExercise 19: Human Evolution: Skull ExaminationExercise 20: Ecology: Diversity and Interaction in Plant CommunitiesExercise 21: Community SuccessionExercise 22: Population Growth: Limitations of the EnvironmentExercise 23: Pollution: The Effects of Chemical, Thermal, and Acidic PollutionExercise 24: Survey of Prokaryotes: Domains Archaea and BacteriaExercise 25: Survey of Protists: The AlgaeExercise 26: Survey of Protists: Protozoa and Slime MoldsExercise 27: Survey of the Kingdom Fungi: Molds, Sac Fungi, Mushrooms, and LichensExercise 28: Survey of the Plant Kingdom: Liverworts, Mosses, and Hornworts of Phyla Hepaticophyta, Bryophyta, and AnthocerophytaExercise 29: Survey of the Plant Kingdom: Seedless Vascular Plants of Phyla Pterophyta and LycophytaExercise 30: Survey of the Plant Kingdom: Gymnosperms of Phyla Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Coniferophyta, and GnetophytaExercise 31: Survey of the Plant Kingdom: AngiospermsExercise 32: Plant Anatomy: Vegetative Structure of Vascular PlantsExercise 33: Plant Physiology: TranspirationExercise 34: Plant Physiology: Tropisms, Nutrition, and Growth RegulatorsExercise 35: Bioassay: Measuring Physiologically Active SubstancesExercise 36: Survey of the Animal Kingdom: Phyla Porifera and CnidariaExercise 37: Survey of the Animal Kingdom: Phyla Platyhelminthes and NematodaExercise 38: Survey of the Animal Kingdom: Phyla Mollusca and AnnelidaExercise 39: Survey of the Animal Kingdom: Phylum ArthropodaExercise 40: Survey of the Animal Kingdom: Phyla Echinodermata and ChordataExercise 41: Vertebrate Animal Tissues: Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous TissuesExercise 42: Human Biology: The Human Skeletal SystemExercise 43: Human Biology: Muscles and Muscle ContractionExercise 44: Human Biology: BreathingExercise 45: Human Biology: Circulation and Blood PressureExercise 46: Human Biology: Sensory PerceptionExercise 47: Vertebrate Anatomy: External Features and Skeletal System of the RatExercise 48: Vertebrate Anatomy: Muscles and Internal Organs of the RatExercise 49: Vertebrate Anatomy: Urogenital and Circulatory Systems of the RatExercise 50: Embryology: Comparative Morphologies and Strategies of DevelopmentExercise 51: Animal Behavior: Taxis, Kinesis, and Agonistic BehaviorAppendix I: Dissection of a Fetal PigAppendix II: Conversion of Metric Units to English Units